Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is a surgical procedure in which part of the lumbar spine is fused from the front. The surgeon makes an incision in the abdomen and gently retracts the abdominal contents to visualize the front part of the spine. Disc material is removed and a fusion graft is placed into the disc space. The graft is usually bone or a cage combined with bone.
Once you have decided to have surgery, the following events take place: